Kralidis Apostolos

Teaching: History of Religions

Research Interests
  • Graeco-Roman Period. Late Antiquity
  • History of Religions of the People of Southeastern Europe
  • Cults and Religions of the Black Sea
  • Byzantium and early Islam
  • Academic study of Religion
  • Interreligious Dialogue
  • New religions and the modern world
  • Issues of religious communities and multiculturalism

Phone +30 2310 997020
Office 315 3rd Floor, Theology Building
Office hours Tuesdays 12:00-13:30, Wednesdays 12:00-13:30
Attached Files

CV in English

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 Selected Publications:


  • Divus Imperator. Power and political ideology in the Roman Empire. The Severan dynasty (193-235 AD), Athanasios Altintzis Publications, Thessaloniki, ISBN: 978-960-9465-42-7, pp. 399 (in Greek)
  • Byzantium and the world of Islam, Published by the Holy Theological School of Halki 2019, ISBN: 978-618-83985-9-7, pp. 282 (in Greek)
  • Cults of Thessaloniki during the Hellenistic and Roman period, Athanasios Altintzis Publications, Thessaloniki 2019, ISBN:, pp. 242 (in Greek)
  • Cults of the Roman army in the time of the Severians (192-235 AD), VANIAS publications, Thessaloniki 2014, ISBN: 978-960-288-335-8, pp. 460 (in Greek)
  • The imperial cult in the period of the Tetrarchy (284-313 AD), VANIAS publications, Thessaloniki 2010, ISBN: 978-960-288-238-2, pp. 399 (in Greek)
  • The Khazars and Byzantium. An historical and religious approach, Savvalas Publications, Athens 2003, ­ISBN: 960-460-860-6, pp. 341 (+3 χάρτες) (in Greek)
  • The Sadducees. An historical and religious study, VANIAS publications, Thessaloniki 20072, ISBN”: 978-960-288-182-8, pp. 278 (in Greek)


  • “Polytheism in the Roman Empire during the Dominate: mapping the landscape”, Constantine the Great and his era. 1700 years since the Decree of Mediolana /Constantine the Great and his Age. 1700 years from the Edict of Milan, International Conference, 4-6 December 2013, Conference Papers, Thessaloniki, 2022, pp. 115-125 (in Greek)
  •  “The sudden death of Herod Agrippa 1 in Caesarea and the ruler cult (Prov. 12:20-23)”, Bible and Culture. Honorary Volume to Professor Christos K. Economou, Thessaloniki-Nicosia 2020, pp. 335-347 (in Greek)
  •  “The historical development of Islam. Appearance of religious sects and traditions”, Byzantina 36 (2018) 281-296 (in Greek)
  •  ‘The title mater castrorum/mother of castles in the context of the apotheosis of the Roman emperors in the 2nd and 3rd centuries AD”, Κόσμος/Cosmos 5 (2018) 1-17 (in Greek)
  •  “Codification and critique of the sources concerning the Judeo-Christian and Islamo-Christian dialogue”, Κληρονομία 39Α-Β (2016-2017) 43-66 (in Greek)
  • «La rencontre de l’orthodoxie et de l’islam au 14e siècle : les positions de Grégoire Palamas et de l’empereur Jean VI Cantacuzène», Revue des Sciences religieuses 89.4 (2015) 451-459
  •  “Christianity and Islam in 10th century Byzantine epistolary”, Πνευματική Διακονία 22 (2015) 29-38 (in Greek)
  • “Diplomatic contacts and interreligious dialogue between the Byzantines and the Arabs in the two letters of Nikitas Byzantios (9th century)”, Βυζάντιο και Αραβικός κόσμος. Συνάντηση Πολιτισμών (Θεσσαλονίκη, 16-18 Δεκεμβρίου 2011), Πρακτικά Διεθνούς Συμποσίου/, Byzantium and the Arab World. Encounter of Civilizations (Thessaloniki 16-18 December 2011), Proceedings of the International Symposium, (ed.) A. Kralidis-A. Goutzioukostas, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki 2013, p. 249-268 (in Greek)
  • “The Eulogy of the Archbishop of Thessaloniki, John I to St. Demetrius. A religious reading”, Fifth Scientific Symposium, “History and literature on Saint Demetrius and his city from the eighth to the twelfth century”, 23-24 October 2009, Thessaloniki History Center [= “The Eulogy of Archbishop John I of Thessaloniki to St. Demetrius (BHG 547h): A Religious Reading”, Periodical Κόσμος/Cosmos 1 (2012) 331-341 (in Greek)
  • «Evidence for the Imperial Cult in Thessalonica in the First Century C.E.», European Association of Biblical Studies, Thessaloniki Meeting, 8-11.8.2011, Thessaloniki [=«Evidence for the Imperial Cult in Thessalonica in the First Century C.E.», Periodical Κόσμος/Cosmos 2 (2013) 49-63
  • «Contacts de l’Islam avec le monde byzantin», In Martyrdom to the Nations, Volume of Grace twenty years to the Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki 2011, p.  403-424
  • “The Rapprochement between Christianity and Islam in the Middle Byzantine Period”, Byzantina, vol. 29 (2009) 479-492 (in Greek)
  • “Burial and remembrance of the dead in the pre-Christian Greco-Roman world and in the extra-Christian religions”, Proceedings of the TH Panhellenic Liturgical Symposium “The Sacrament of Death in the Worship of the Church”, Pastoral Library Series (volume no.  19), Publication of the Publications Branch of the Communication and Educational Service of the Church of Greece, Athens 2009, pp. 95-111 (in Greek)
  • “Deities and beliefs in Asia Minor in the work of “Pseudo-Nonnus” (6th century). A.D.)’, Scientific Yearbook of the Faculty of Theology, Department of Pastoral and Social Theology 12 (2008) (in Greek)
  • “Religious studies in Greece from the Liberation to the present day”, Announcement in Seminar of Orthodox Hermeneutic Theology, of the Department of Bible and Patristic Literature, October 2007 (in Greek)
  • “Sol Invictus”. The imperial cult in the dynasty of M. Constantine”, Scientific Yearbook of the Faculty of­ Theology, Department of Pastoral and Social Theology, vol. 11 (2006) 93-128 (in Greek)
  • “The worship of Egyptian deities in Thessaloniki and Macedonia until the 3rd century A.D.», 38th Dimitria-Scientific Symposium “Christian Macedonia” “Thessaloniki-Alexandria”, Thessaloniki 31 October-2 November 2003, Thessaloniki 2004, pp. 29 [= ΕΕΘΣΠΘ, [Τμ. Π.κ.Κ.Θ.] n.s. vol. 10 (2005) (reprint)] (in Greek)
  • “Christianity and Islam in the Byzantine Epistolary of the 10th century.”, 5th Meeting of Byzantinologists of Greece and Cyprus, Faculty of Philosophy of the Ionian University, 3-5 October 2003 , Thessaloniki 2004, pp. 15 (reprint) (in Greek)
  • «”Ποίας θρησκείας πέλεις;” Idolatrous religions and beliefs in the Lives of Chrysostom”, Fourth Meeting of Byzantinologists of Greece and Cyprus, Faculty of Philosophy, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 20-22 September 2002, Thessaloniki 2003, pp. 58 [= ΕΕΘΣΠΘ, [Τμ. Π.κ.Κ.Θ.] n.s. vol. 9 (2004) (reprint)] ) (in Greek)
  • “The religious beliefs of the Scythians”, EEΘΣΠΘ, [Tμ. Π.κ.K.Θ.] n.s. vol. 8 (2002) 211-235 (in Greek)
  • «The Khazar-faced Patriarch. The contribution of M. Photios to the mission of Saints Cyril and Methodius to the land of the Khazars», Proceedings of the 15th Theological Conference on: “Megas Photios”, 14-17 November, Thessaloniki 1995, pp. 269-298 (in Greek)
Courses of the Undergraduate Program
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Postgraduate Courses "Orthodox Theology and Christian Culture"
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Postgraduate Courses "Greece: Church History and Civilization"
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Postgraduate Courses "Studies in History, Spirituality, Art and Musical Tradition of Mount Athos"
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Postgraduate Courses "Religious and Pilgrimage Tourism"
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Postgraduate Courses "Diacheírisī Ekklīsiastikṓn Keimīlíōn kai CΗristianikīs Politistikīs Klīronomiás"
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Our staff

Special Teaching Staff - Foreign Language Teachers

Agne Daffa
Fanny Maquet-Sarafopoulou
Vasileia Kazamia

Former staff

Ioannis Fountoulis (†)Fr. Ioannis Romanidis (†)
Metropolitan of Tyroloe and Serention Panteleimon Rodopoulos (†)Christina Boulaki-Zisi
Georgios StogioglouStergios Tsiamis (†)
Stergios Sakkos (†)Theologos Aliprantis (†)
Metropolitan of Pergamon Ioannis Zizioulas (†)Athanasios Angelopoulos
Antonios Papadopoulos (†)Protopresbyter Konstantinos Karaisaridis
Christos Krikonis (†)Protopresbyter Spyridon Antoniou
Euthymios Tsigaridas
Christos Vantsos (†)
Pausanias Koutlemanis (†)
Eustratios Zeginis (†)
Stavros Kalantzakis
Soterios Varnalidis
Elias Nikolakakis
Vassileios Fanourgakis
Georgios Theodoroudis
Protopresbyter Theodoros Zisis
Athanassios Karathanassis
Christos Economou
Despo Lialiou
Michael Tritos
Heraklis Rerakis

Doctors Honoris Causa

Ioannis Karmiris, Professor Emeritus of the University of AthensNovember 14, 1973
Archbishop Iakovos of AmericaApril 17, 1975
Patriarch Ignatius IV of Antioch and All the EastFebruary 20, 1976
Rev. Dr. Dumitru Staniloae, Professor of the University Theological Institute of BucharestMay 13, 1976
Nicholas Dimitrijevic Uspensky, Professor Emeritus of the Leningrad Theological AcademyNovember 29, 1979
Elder Metropolitan of Chalcedon MelitonMarch 15, 1984
Metroplitan Maximos of SardisMarch 15, 1984
Metroplitan Chrysostomos of MyraMarch 15, 1984
Metroplitan Damaskinos of SwitzerlandMay 20, 1985
Metropoltan Panteleimon II of ThessalonikiNovember 12, 1996
Ecumenical Patriarch BartholomewOctober 1, 1997
Panagiotis Angelopoulos, Archon Great Benefactor and Grand Logothete of the Ecumenical PatriarchateJune 15, 1998
Anastasios Marinos, Vice-President of the Council of State (Greece)May 27, 1999
Patriarch Petros VII of Alexandria and All AfricaMay 24, 2001
Metropolitan Sava of Warsaw and All PolandOctober 8, 2002
Rev. Dr. George Dragas, Professor of Holy Cross Greek Orthodox School of TheologyJune 2, 2005
Metropolitan Nikephoros of Kykkos and TellyriaJune 3, 2008
Metropolitan Kallistos (Ware) of DiokleiaJune 3, 2015
Archbishop Hieronymos II of Athens and All GreeceNovember 10, 2016
Erich Lamberz, Honorary Professor of the University of MunichJune 19, 2019
Metropolitan Anthimos of ThessalonikiJuly 15, 2019
Vlasios Pheidas, Professor Emeritus of the University of AthensMay 26, 2022

Register of Internal and External Electors of the School